Croix-Rouge Française - Plateforme d'Intervention Régionale Amériques Caraïbes

Regional Intervention Platform of Americas and Caribbean 13 December 2018

DISASTER MANAGEMENT - Prevention / Preparedness



Since 1998, the French Red Cross (FRC) has been conducting disaster risk reduction programs.

By “disaster”, one hears especially of floods, volcanic activities, earthquakes, hurricanes, tsunamis, etc. The lack of preparation prior to the sudden arrival of a disaster and the limited infrastructure allowing people to protect themselves or to react in emergency situations, results in significant human and economic loss.

The preparation of populations in the behaviour to adopt and in the actions to carry out in the event of a disaster allows for a significant reduction in their impact. That is the challenge of these actions in the field.

Through its activities for prevention, the Regional Intervention Platform for the Americas and the Caribbean (PIRAC), through the FRC, disposes of expertise which is recognized and which has been tested by its multiple interventions conducted during various crisis situations. Teams which are specialized in emergency response are ready to intervene as soon as a disaster has been declared.

The PIRAC has at its disposal three categories of Regional Intervention Teams/Americas-Caribbean (EIRAC), each one specialized in a particular area: basic health care; logistics; water and sanitation, relief.

The approach of the International Federation: be proactive

The ability to limit the effects of disasters and, whenever possible, to anticipate disasters and prevent them from happening, represents a crucial aspect of the work of the International Federation and its members, the National Societies of the Red Cross and Red Crescent, throughout the world.

This effort makes up the support given to National Societies in order to help them overcome the consequences of disasters at the local, national and international levels. In this regard, the four following approaches have been retained:

- Reduce the vulnerability of dwellings and communities living in regions which are exposed to disasters and improve their ability to deal with the effects of disasters;

- Reinforce the capacities of the National Societies in the area of disaster preparedness and intervention, in their aftermath;

- Define the role and the mandate of the National Societies in the national disaster management plans; and,

- Put in place regional networks of National Societies which will strengthen the collective effectiveness of the International Federation in the area of disaster preparedness and intervention at the international level.