DISASTER MANAGEMENT - Responding to Emergencies21/01/2011
Created in the overseas French territories, in agreement with the National Societies which are often affected by disasters, the Regional Intervention Platforms (PIR) support the regional response capacity of the International Federation. Decentralized and closer to the populations for which they work, these Platforms are even better placed to develop a disaster management approach - from a critical situation through to the recovery of the populations affected.
Objectives and Actions to Implement:
The primary objective of the French Red Cross (FRC) is to provide assistance which is effective and adapted to the various emergency situations, in support of the National Societies of the Red Cross Red/Crescent Movement.
In order to do this, four objectives guide its actions:
- Objective 1: Contribute to an effective response to major disasters, coordinated by the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement, by training and deploying professional teams (Emergency Response Units - ERU) and standardized material.
The FRC has developed emergency response units (ERU). The ERU meet the standardized norms: in terms of materials – with the purchase, management and storage of specific items; in terms of human resources – with the recruitment, training and maintenance of a roster of active volunteers.
- Objective 2: Harmonize the emergency response systems of the FRC, in order to better support the partner National Societies (NS), by the pooling of means and the competency of each tool.
The response capacity of the Regional Intervention Platform for the Americas and the Caribbean (PIRAC) when dealing with a crisis situation, works through:
■ the pre-positioning of relief material: the maintenance of a minimum level of stock, harmonization of the types of materials, meeting the standards of the International Federation, transfer of equipment in order to respond to the needs of the zone;
■ the training of National Societies, particularly the management, in the various stages of disaster management and emergency response;
■ the deployment of teams and emergency kits: recruitment, training and maintenance of a roster of volunteer team members, in the event of an emergency deployment.
Objective 3: Develop the response capacity of the FRC in regions where its expertise is recognized, by responding to disasters of small and medium size, and receiving little media coverage.
The FRC is increasingly involved in the implementation of bilateral emergency projects in countries affected by disaster and without calling on the tools for a global response.
Three main sectors of activity make up this action:
■ distribution of shelter kits (temporary shelter), food;
■ management of camps for displaced persons/refugees;
■ intervention in small- and medium-sized emergencies.
Objective 4: Provide support for the reconstruction and rehabilitation of homes and infrastructure damaged by the disasters, in close collaboration with the beneficiaries.
This objective is met through two main strategies:
1) Responding to the needs of populations which are victims of disasters by offering them an immediate solution of temporary shelter
2) Rehabilitating and/or re-building infrastructure and homes which are adapted to the environment and meet the needs of the users.